10 key facts on Canada’s energy sector
Canada’s energy mix paints an interesting picture, with a mixture of renewable and finite resources contributing to the country’s output.
1: In 2014, Canada’s energy sector directly and indirectly accounted for over 950,000 jobs and 5.2 percent of the total workforce in the country. This includes 300,000 direct jobs, 85,000 electricity jobs and 192,000 oil and gas jobs.
2: The energy sector directly and indirectly contributed 13.7 percent of Canada’s GDP in 2014. This included energy at 3.7 percent, electricity at 2 percent and oil and gas at 7.8 percent.
3: $22 billion is received annually by governments from the energy sector, including 7.8 billion in taxes, 11.2 billion in royalties and 2.9 billion in land sales.
4: Canada – US total 2-way energy trade was over $170 billion in 2014. This includes $136 billion in exports to the US and $37 billion in imports from the US. 97 percent of oil exports and 100 percent of natural gas exports are to the US.
5: More than 73,000 km of pipelines are regulated by the National Energy Board throughout Canada. In 2014, these pipelines shipped around $159 billion worth of crude, petroleum products, natural gas liquids and natural gas at a transportation cost of around $7 billion.
6: in 2013, 79 percent of Canada’s electricity supply was generated from non-GHG emitting sources. Two thirds of Canada’s electricity was generated from renewable sources, placing Canada first in the G7.
7: in 2013, there were over 430 publicly traded Canadian energy companies with combines assets totalling $495 billion. Out of these companies, 213 held assets abroad, totalling $121 billion among 83 countries.
8: Between 1990 and 2012, energy efficiency improved by 24.2 percent. In 2012, these improvements saved Canadians $37.4 billion and decreased GHG emission by 86.6 Mt.
9: Canada has the third largest crude oil reserves, is the second largest hydro electricity producer and the fourth largest natural gas producer.
10: In 2013, greenhouse gas emissions per barrel of oil produced in the oil sands were 30 percent lower than they were in 1990.
Photo credit: marke1996
Six issues at the top of tax and finance leaders’ agenda
New Deloitte research reveals that tax leaders are under increasing pressure to add strategic value as companies accelerate business model transformation, from undergoing digital transformations to rethinking their supply chains or investing in green initiatives.
According to Phil Mills, Deloitte Global Tax & Legal Leader, to “truly deliver value to the business, the tax function needs to rethink its resourcing model and transform its technology infrastructure to create capacity and control costs”.
And the good news, according to Mills, is that tax and business leaders have more options at their disposal to achieve this.
Reflecting the insights of global tax and finance executives at global companies, Deloitte’s Tax Operations in Focus study reveals the six issues at the top of tax and finance leaders’ agenda.
Trend 1: Businesses seek more strategic counsel from tax
Companies are being pushed to develop new digital products and distribution channels and accelerate sustainable transformation and this is taking them into uncharted tax territory. Tax leaders say their teams must have the resources and skills to give deeper advisory support on digital business models (65%), supply chain restructuring (49%) and sustainability (48%) over the next two years. This means redrawing the boundaries of what tax professionals focus on, and accelerating adoption of advanced technologies and lower-cost resourcing models to meet compliance requirements and free up time.
According to Joanne Walker, Group Tax Director, BT Group PLC, "There’s still a heavy compliance load today, but the vision for the future would be that much of that falls away, and tax people become subject matter experts who help program the machine, ensure quality control, and redirect their time to advisory activity.”
Trend 2: Tipping point for resourcing models
Business partnering demands in the tax department are on the rise, but 93% of tax leaders say their department’s budget is remaining flat or falling. To ensure that the tax function can redefine itself as a strategic function at the pace that is required, leaders are choosing to move increasing amounts of compliance and reporting to a combination of shared service centers, finance departments, and outsourcing providers that have invested in best-in-class technology.
Trend 3: Digital tax administration is moving faster than expected
in addition to the rising focus of the corporate tax department partnering with their business counterparts, transformative changes to the way companies share tax information with revenue authorities is also creating an imperative to modernize operations at a faster pace. Nine in 10 (92%) respondents say that shifting revenue authority demands on digital tax administration will have a moderate or high impact on tax operations and resources over the next five years—and several heads of tax said the trend is moving faster than expected.
"It’s really stepped up in the last couple of years," says Anna Elphick, VP Tax, Unilever. "Tax authorities don't just want a faster turnaround for compliance but access into a company’s systems. It's not unreasonable to think that in a much shorter time than we expect, compliance will be about companies reviewing a return that's been drafted by the tax authorities."
Trend 4: Data simplification and lower-cost resourcing are top priorities
Tax leaders said that simplifying data management (53%) and moving to lower-cost resourcing models (51%) must be prioritized if tax is to become more proactive at delivering strategic insights to the business. Many tax teams are ensuring that they have a seat at the table as ERP systems are overhauled, which is paying dividends: 56% of those that have introduced NextGen ERP systems are now highly effective at supporting the business with scenario-modeling insights. Only 35% of those with moderate to low use of NextGen ERP systems said the same.
At Stryker, “we automated the source P&L process for transfer pricing which took a huge burden off of the divisions," says David Furgason, Vice President Tax. "Then we created a transfer price database to deposit and retrieve data so we have limited impact on the divisions. We are moving to a single ERP platform which will help us make take the next step with robotics.”
Trend 5: Skillsets are shifting
Embedding a new data infrastructure and redesigning processes are critical for the future tax vision. Tax leaders are aligned — data skills (45%) and technology process experience (43%) are ‘must have’ skills in a tax department of the future, but more traditional tax specialist knowledge also remains key (40%). The trick to success will be in tax leaders facilitating the way these professionals, with their different backgrounds, can work together collectively to unlock lasting value.
Take Infineon Technologies, which formed a VAT technology and governance group "that has the right knowledge about how to change the system to ensure it generates the right reports", according to Matthias Schubert, Global Head of Tax. "Involving them early was key as we took a greenfield approach, so we could think about what the optimal processes would look like and how more intelligent systems could make an impact
Trend 6: 2020 brought productivity improvements
Improved productivity (50%) and accelerating shifts to remote working (48%) were cited as the biggest operational benefits to emerge from COVID-19-driven disruption. But, as 78% of leaders now plan to embed either hybrid or fully remote models in the tax function long term, 34% say maintaining productivity benefits is a top concern. And, as leaders think about building their talent pipeline and strengthening advisory skill sets, 47% say they must prioritize new approaches to talent recognition and career development over the next two years, while 36% say new processes for involving tax in business strategy decisions must be established.