Canada's Top 10 Most Populous Cities
Written by John Connelly
10. Kitchener, Ontario
In Southern Ontario, Kitchener is home to four municipal business parks: the Bridgeport Business Park, Grand River West Business Park, Huron Business Park and Lancaster Corporate Centre. The largest, the Huron Business Park, is home to a number of industries, from seat manufacturers to furniture components.
About Kitchener, Ontario
- Population 422,514
- Home to four major business parks
- Huron Business Park is the largest
9. Winnipeg, Manitoba
The capital and largest city of Manitoba, Winnipeg is has a diversified economy that includes finance, manufacturing, transportation, food and beverage production, retail and tourism. Winnipeg had the third-fastest growing economy among Canada's major cities in 2009, according to the Conference Board of Canada.
About Winnipeg, Manitoba
- Population 641,483
- Third fastest growing economy of Canada’s major cities
- Capital of Manitoba and its largest city
8. Hamilton, Ontario
A port city, Hamilton has become known as the Steel Capital of Canada, as sixty percent of Canada's steel is produced in Hamilton by Stelco and Dofasco. One of North America's most profitable steel companies, Dofasco has approximately 7,300 employees at its Hamilton plant and produces over four million tons of steel annually, representing about 30% of Canada's flat rolled sheet steel shipments.
About Hamilton, Ontario
- Population 647,634
- Steel Capital of Canada
- Home of Stelco and Dofasco
7. Quebec City, Quebec
Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The provincial capital of Quebec, Quebec City jobs are concentrated in public administration, defense, services, commerce, transport and tourism. About 10% of jobs are in manufacturing, which produces pulp and paper, processed food, metal/wood items, chemicals, electronics and printed materials.
About Quebec City, Quebec
- Population 659,545
- Capital of Quebec
- 10% of jobs in manufacturing industry
6. Ottawa, Ontario
The capital of Canada, Ottawa became known as "Silicon Valley North" during the technology boom of the late 1990s and early 2000s. Public Service of Canada and the high-tech industry generate the most jobs. Ottawa is the Canadian home to technology heavyweights Bell Canada, Cisco Systems, Hewlett-Packard, Huawei Technologies and IBM.
About Ottawa, Ontario
- Population 860,928
- Capital of Canada
- Known as “Silicon Valley North”
5. Edmonton, Alberta
The capital of Alberta, Edmonton is a cultural, governmental and educational centre and plays host to a year-round world-class festivals, earning it the title of "The Festival City.” Edmonton is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall. With the oil sands so close, Edmonton is a major centre for the oil and gas industry.
About Edmonton, Alberta
- Population 862,544
- Home to the West Edmonton Mall
- Known as “The Festival City”
4. Calgary, Alberta
The largest city in Alberta, Calgary is also largely an oil and gas city. The large oil and gas companies are BP, EnCana, Imperial Oil, Suncor Energy, Shell Canada, and TransCanada who call Calgary home produce 87% of Canada's oil and natural gas and 66% of the coal.
About Calgary, Alberta
- Population 988,079
- Produces 87% of Canada’s oil and natural gas
- Produces 66% of Canada’s coal
3. Vancouver, British Columbia
Home to the Most Successful Winter Games ever, Vancouver is a world-class city renowned for its quality of life. Vancouver has ranked highly in worldwide "livable city" rankings for more than a decade. Vancouver is vital port city used to ship products between Asia, Canada and Europe. Vancouver industry also includes forest product, mining and, increasingly, software development, biotechnology and film.
About Vancouver, British Columbia
- Population 1,953,252
- Known as a “Livable City”
- Port vital to transcontinental trade
2. Montreal, Quebec
Montreal's economy is the second largest of all cities in Canada and an important centre of commerce, finance, industry, technology and culture. Montreal is the headquarters of the Montreal Exchange. The Port of Montreal is the largest inland port in the world. As a railway hub, Montreal is the headquarters of Canadian National Railway and was home to Canadian Pacific Railway until 1995.
About Montreal, Quebec
- Population 3,616,615
- 2nd largest city in Canada
- Headquarters for the Montreal Exchange
1. Toronto, Ontario
No surprise here. Toronto is the seventh most populous city in North America and Canada's economic capital. Toronto's leading economic sectors include finance, business services, telecommunications, aerospace, transportation, media, arts, film, television production, publishing, software production, medical research, education, tourism, engineering/construction, and sports industries.
Toronto is also a major centre of higher education and research, home to many colleges and universities, including the University of Toronto. One of the world's most diverse cities, Toronto is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the Financial District and many of Canada’s largest corporations.
Toronto is an important centre for the media, publishing, telecommunication, information technology and film production industries. Major English-language Canadian television networks, including the national public broadcaster Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), the largest private broadcaster CTV, and the flagship stations of Citytv and Global all operate out of Toronto.
About Toronto, Ontario
- Population 4,753,120
- 7th largest city in North America
- Canada’s economic capital
- Centre for education, media, IT, telecommunication and publishing
- Home of the Toronto Stock Exchange