May 19, 2020

WhatsApp is facing increased pressure...

WhatsApp end-to-end encryption
Catherine Rowell
2 min
WhatsApp is facing increased pressure...

In April last year, WhatsApp began its end-to-end encryption of all messages sent between users. Similarly, to Apple, the encryption technology has become the subject of a heated, controversial and ongoing debate between tech giants and government authorities, where such information cannot be shared unless granted by the user.

These tensions are not new to WhatsApp, as other countries, such as Brazil, have also condemned the app for its security settings and subsequent refusal to hand over vital information regarding a criminal investigation in the country last year. The recent attack in London has only heightened these pressures, with Amber Rudd claiming it to be unacceptable for technology giants to not cooperate fully. A final message was sent by Khalid Masood through WhatsApp prior to the attack and could hold vital information into accomplices to the attack. The company is able to provide information regarding who was contacted, but the contents of these messages remain hidden to anyone else who wishes to access it, as end-to-end encryption scrambles messages, so they cannot be deciphered as they move through the server to the recipient.

Governments have long wanted technology companies to create a “backdoor”, which would enable them to access this information, but this has understandably not been well received. Last year, Tim Cook at Apple released a statement, stating that all personal information which users share could become compromised as a result of such a move, and that user information “needs to be protected from hackers and criminals who want to access it, steal it, and use it without knowledge or permission.” Through encryption, companies have “even put that data out of their own reach, because the contents are none of our business.”

British government will be meeting US technology companies this week to discuss this ongoing conflict, but many are doubtful as to whether a compromise can be made. Rudd commented yesterday that whilst she supports end-to-end encryption, "you can have a system where companies can build it and we can have access to it when it’s absolutely necessary." However, end-to-end-encryption and creating a backdoor is something in which cannot be gelled together. You either have complete protection, or you do not – there is no in between or compromise between the two elements.

Nonetheless, with over one billion users utilising WhatsApp, which was bought by Facebook for $19 billion in 2014, a solution will need to be found to prevent extremists and criminals from using encryption as a “place to hide” from authorities.

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Jun 12, 2021

How changing your company's software code can prevent bias

Lisa Roberts, Senior Director ...
3 min
Removing biased terminology from software can help organisations create a more inclusive culture, argues Lisa Roberts, Senior Director of HR at Deltek

Two-third of tech professionals believe organizations aren’t doing enough to address racial inequality. After all, many companies will just hire a DEI consultant, have a few training sessions and call it a day. 

Wanting to take a unique yet impactful approach to DEI, Deltek, the leading global provider of software and solutions for project-based businesses, took a look at  and removed all exclusive terminology in their software code. By removing terms such as ‘master’ and ‘blacklist’ from company coding, Deltek is working to ensure that diversity and inclusion are woven into every aspect of their organization. 

Business Chief North America talks to Lisa Roberts, Senior Director of HR and Leader of Diversity & Inclusion at Deltek to find out more.

Why should businesses today care about removing company bias within their software code?  

We know that words can have a profound impact on people and leave a lasting impression. Many of the words that have been used in a technology environment were created many years ago, and today those words can be harmful to our customers and employees. Businesses should use words that will leave a positive impact and help create a more inclusive culture in their organization

What impact can exclusive terms have on employees? 

Exclusive terms can have a significant impact on employees. It starts with the words we use in our job postings to describe the responsibilities in the position and of course, we also see this in our software code and other areas of the business. Exclusive terminology can be hurtful, and even make employees feel unwelcome. That can impact a person’s desire to join the team, stay at a company, or ultimately decide to leave. All of these critical actions impact the bottom line to the organization.    

Please explain how Deltek has removed bias terminology from its software code

Deltek’s engineering team has removed biased terminology from our products, as well as from our documentation. The terms we focused on first that were easy to identify include blacklist, whitelist, and master/slave relationships in data architecture. We have also made some progress in removing gendered language, such as changing he and she to they in some documentation, as well as heteronormative language. We see this most commonly in pick lists that ask to identify someone as your husband or wife. The work is not done, but we are proud of how far we’ve come with this exercise!

What steps is Deltek taking to ensure biased terminology doesn’t end up in its code in the future?

What we are doing at Deltek, and what other organizations can do, is to put accountability on employees to recognize when this is happening – if you see something, say something! We also listen to feedback our customers give us and have heard their feedback on this topic. Those are both very reactive things of course, but we are also proactive. We have created guidance that identifies words that are more inclusive and also just good practice for communicating in a way that includes and respects others.

What advice would you give to other HR leaders who are looking to enhance DEI efforts within company technology? 

My simple advice is to start with what makes sense to your organization and culture. Doing nothing is worse than doing something. And one of the best places to start is by acknowledging this is not just an HR initiative. Every employee owns the success of D&I efforts, and employees want to help the organization be better. For example, removing bias terminology was an action initiated by our Engineering and Product Strategy teams at Deltek, not HR. You can solicit the voices of employees by asking for feedback in engagement surveys, focus groups, and town halls. We hear great recommendations from employees and take those opportunities to improve. 


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