Microsoft Reveals Surface Tablet--Take That, iPad!
You didn’t think Microsoft was just going to sit back and watch the iPad completely saturate the tablet market, did you?
This week, Microsoft boldly stepped up to its number one competition by unveiling the Surface—a PC tablet that runs the still unreleased, much-anticipated Windows 8 operating system, expected to be released this fall. Surface was designed by Microsoft under a cloak of secrecy over the past several years, making it the first commercial PC that the company has designed and sold itself, without involvement from any of its longstanding hardware partners.
Since the big reveal at a press event Monday, tech analysts and bloggers have been praising the Surface as an “incredible tablet device” that “shames the PC industry” and just may be “better than an iPad.”
Say it ain’t so! Someone outside of the Apple camp made a tablet that could beat all of the innovation and hype of the iPad?
While Microsoft is not yet revealing Surface’s exact release date or price, here’s what we do know:
-It will feature a 10.6-inch display, a kickstand for optimal viewing options and an ultra-thin keyboard case that attaches via magnets.
-Two versions will be available: Surface Pro with Windows 8 Pro and Surface with Windows RT. Windows RT is similar to Windows 8, but designed for ARM processors and has a touch-friendly Metro-style interface and a limited version of the Windows desktop.
-The Windows RT version will be about 0.36 pounds and weigh about 1.6 pounds. They will feature a micros slot, USB 2.0 and a Micro HD port and be available with either 32GB or 64GB of storage.
-Surface Pro tablets will be Intel-based and have access to both the Metro UI and a fully-functional Windows desktop. They’ll weigh just under two pounds, stack up to be about half-an-inch thick and have a microSDXC card slot, USB 3.0 and Mini Display Port, with the option of 64GB or 128GB of storage.
Overall, Microsoft’s Surface is exactly the device it set out to create—a “companion hardware innovation” for Windows 8.
Its sleek style is showcased in Microsoft’s one-minute Surface advertisement, which has drawn almost 1.6 million views since its YouTube release yesterday; underscoring the public’s enthusiasm for the tablet’s unveiling.
We can, however, think of one group that’s probably not thrilled about Surface. Microsoft’s aforementioned hardware partners, including Hewlett-Packard and Dell, were intentionally left out of Microsoft’s Surface development, as Ballmer indicated during the unveiling that the key to Microsoft’s plan to do Windows 8 proper justice and compete with Apple was developing a tablet on its own.
“The move is a vote of no confidence in these partners, who should rightly feel slighted…or challenged,” said Ovum analyst Jan Dawson.
Hewlett-Packard has declined to comment on the matter, but Dell spoke up to say that its relationship with Microsoft is still intact.
“We remain a committed partner of Microsoft and are continuing to develop a full slate of Windows 8 products,” Dell told tech site Benzinga.
Dr Peng Wei: Designing the Future of Autonomous Aircraft
Air traffic is expected to double by 2037. According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the world will need 37,000+ new passenger and freight aircraft, and more than half a million new pilots—unless we come up with another solution. Right now, a George Washington University School of Engineering and Applied Science professor, Dr Peng Wei, is starting to research autonomous electric aircraft design.
NASA will fund the research, which will study how to minimise risks for electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL). As Airbus states: ‘Autonomous technologies also have the potential to improve air traffic management, enhance sustainability performance and further improve aircraft safety’.
Who is Dr Wei?
An assistant professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Dr Wei has researched aircraft control, optimisation, and AI and ML applications in aviation. Over the next three years, he’ll lead the US$2.5mn NASA grant project in collaboration with researchers from Vanderbilt, the University of Texas at Austin, and MIT’s Lincoln Lab.
Why is His Research Important?
Even though the wide adoption of self-piloting cars, much less aircraft, is still far down the road, technologies that Dr Wei and his colleagues are researching will form the commercial transport of the future. But aviation manufacturers, in order to produce autonomous aircraft, will have to meet extremely high safety standards.
‘The key challenge for self-piloting capabilities is how the system reacts to unforeseen events’, said Arne Stoschek, Wayfinder Project Executive at Acubed. ‘That’s the big jump from automated to autonomous’. In the air, AI-piloted aircraft will have to manoeuvre around adverse weather conditions, such as wind and storms, and other high-altitude risks, such as GPS hacking, cyberattacks, and aircraft degradation. And the stakes are high.
‘If a machine learning algorithm makes a mistake in Facebook, TikTok, Netflix —that doesn't matter too much because I was just recommended a video or movie I don't like’, Dr Wei said. ‘But if a machine learning algorithm mistake happens in a safety-critical application, such as aviation or in autonomous driving, people may have accidents. There may be fatal results’.
What Are His Other Projects?
In addition to the new NASA research, Dr Wei has been awarded three other grants to pursue AI-piloted aircraft:
- A 2-year grant from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in conjunction with West Virginia University and Honeywell Aerospace to investigate “learning-based” aviation systems
- A six-month SBIR Phase I NASA award with Intelligent Automation to mitigate airspace congestion at vertiports—the electric craft version of airports.
- A 1-year collaborative grant with the University of Virginia and George Mason University from the Virginia Commonwealth Cyber Initiative (CCI) to develop anti-cyber attack technologies and aviation video systems
Research like NASA and Dr Wei’s three-year programme will help improve how AI reacts and adapts to challenging air conditions. In coming years, autonomous aircraft will likely take off slowly, starting with small package delivery, then upgraded drones, and finally commercialised aircraft. But congestion issues will worsen until autonomous aircraft are the best alternative.
According to BBC Future, by 2030, commuters will spend nearly 100 hours a year in Los Angeles and Moscow traffic jams, and 43 cities will be home to more than 10 million people. The final verdict? Bring on the AI-operated transit.